Advanced Science, 6 December, 2023, DOI：https://doi.org/10.1002/advs.202307844
An Erythrocyte-Templated Iron Single-Atom Nanozyme for Wound Healing
Xiaonan Wang, Ting Liu, Mengxia Chen, Qian Liang, Jing Jiang, Lei Chen, Kelong Fan, Jinhua Zhang, Lizeng Gao
Iron single-atom nanozymes represent a promising artificial enzyme with superior activity owing to uniform active sites that can precisely mimic active center of nature enzymes. However, current synthetic strategies are hard to guarantee each active site at single-atom state. In this work, an erythrocyte-templated strategy by utilizing intrinsic hemin active center of hemoglobin as sing-atom source for nanozyme formation is developed. By combining cell fixation, porous salinization, and high-temperature carbonization, erythrocytes are successfully served as uniform templates to synthesize nanozymes with fully single-atom FeN4 active sites which derived from hemin of hemoglobin, resulting in an enhanced peroxidase (POD)-like activity. Interestingly, the catalytic activity of erythrocyte-templated nanozyme (ETN) shows dependence on animal species, among which murine ETN performed superior catalytic efficiency. In addition, the as-prepared ETNs display a honeycomb-like network structure, serving as a sponge to accelerate hemostasis based on the interactions with prothrombin and fibrinogen. These features enable ETN to effectively kill methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) by combining POD-like catalysis with near-infrared (NIR) induced photothermal effect, and subsequently suitable to promote wound healing. This study provides a proof-of-concept for facile fabrication of multifunctional nanozymes with uniform single-atom active sites by utilizing intrinsic iron structure characteristics of biogenic source like erythrocytes.